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DINAMIKA POLITIK PADA MASA KABINET WILOPO

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DINAMIKA POLITIK PADA MASA KABINET WILOPO
Kabainet wilopo
Hai temen temen,disini kami akan membahas dinamika politik pada masa kabinet wilopo secara lengkap,nah kabinet wilopo sendiri adalah kabinet ketiga nah langsung saja ini dia pembahasanya :

 - Biodata wilopo ;
Nama : Wilopo
Tempat tanggal lahir : purworejo,21 Oktober 1909
Bertugas pada masa bakti : 3 April 1952- 30 juli 1953
Kabinet wilopo Adalah kabinet ketiga setelah pembubaran negara Republik Indonesia Serikat yang bertugas pada masa bakti 3 April 1952 hingga 30 Juli 1953. Kabinet Wilopo didemisionerkan berdasarkan Keputusan Presiden RI Nomor 99 Tahun 1953 tertanggal 3 Juni 1953 .



1) Latar belakang
Kabinet Wilopo terbentuk setelah berakhirnya Kabinet sebelumnya yaitu kabinet Sukiman. Hal ini dikarenakan Kabinet Sukiman menandatangani persetujuan bantuan ekonomi dan persenjataan dari Amerika Serikat kepada Indonesia atas dasar Mutual Security Act (MSA). Persetujuan ini menimbulkan tafsiran bahwa Indonesia telah memasuki Blok Barat, yang berarti bertentangan dari Masyumi dan PNI atas tindakan Sukiman sehingga mereka menarik dukungan nya pada kabinet tersebut. DPR akhirnya menggugat Sukiman dan terpaksa Sukiman harus mengembalikan mandatnya kepada Presiden. Atas dasar itu tanggal 1 maret 1952, Presiden Soekarno menunjuk Sidik Djojosukarto dan Prawoto Mangkusasmito menjadi formatur, yang diminta oleh Presiden kepada formatur ialah sebuah kabinet yang kuat dan mendapat dukungan cukup dari parlemen. Pada tanggal 19 kedua formatur itu mengembalikan mandatnya dan Presiden Soekarno menunjuk Mr. Wilopo. Akhirnya setelah berusaha selama 2 minggu, pada tanggal 30 Maret Mr. Wilopo mengajukan susunan kabinetnya. Kabinet ini resmi di bentuk berdasarkan keputusan Presiden Nomor 85 Tahun 1952 tanggal 1 April 1952.



2) Program kerja kabinet Wilopo
a. Mempersiapkan pilihan umum
b. Berusaha mengembalikan Irian Barat ke dalam wilayah Republik Indonesia
c. Meningkatkan keamanan dan kesejahteraan
d. Memperbarui bidang pendidikan dan pengajaran
e. Melaksanakan politik luar negeri bebas aktif


3) Keberhasilan kabinet wilopo
a. Memperkenalkan konsep anggaran berimbang (balance budget ) dalam APBN
b. Impor dilakaukan pembayaran dimuka bukan diperketat
c. Pekerjaan ekonomi dilakukan secara Rasionalisasi angkatan bersenjata melalui modernisasi dan pengurangan personil
d. Prestasi ekonomi yaitu pengeluaran pemerintah lebih dari 25%



4) Kemunduran yang terjadi saat kabinet wilopo
a) Daalam melaksanakan programnya, Kabinet Wilopo mengahadapi banyak masalah, seperti gerakan separatis  DI/TII, krisis ekonomi, dan peristiwa Tanjung Morawa
b) Konflik pemerintah dengan TNI-AD dikenal dengan Peristiwa 17 Oktober 1952. Peristiwa ini mengakibatkan pergantian KSAD
c) Peristiwa Tanjung Morawa adalah peristiwa persoalan tanah di Sumatera Timur (Deli). Yang berakibatkan bentrokan fisik dan menewaskan banyak petani pribumi
d) K. Wilopo kehilangan dukungannya setelah terjadinya Peristiwa tersebut. Dan akhirnya mengundurkan diri setelah mendapat mosi tidak percaya.
Nah itu dia dinamika pada masa kabinet wilopo semoga bermanfaat ya jangan lupa share :)

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